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1. What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is a competitive immigration system, ranking all eligible candidates against one another and then inviting the best ranking candidates to apply for Canadian permanent resident status. Candidates are ranked against one another based on their age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors.

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2. How to breakdown the Comprehensive Ranking System Points grid?

There is a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.

For candidates who are single (without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner), there are:

a maximum of 500 pointsa maximum of 100 points600 points1200 points overall
core human capital factorsskill transferability factorsadditional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability)Your points

For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

a maximum of 460 pointsa maximum of 40 pointsa maximum of 100 points600 points1200 points overall
core human capital factors of the principal applicantcore human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partnerskill transferability factorsadditional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability)Your points

French ability

  • 15 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate (equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark 7) or better French ability, and English language test results of CLB 4 or lower, or no English test results at all.
  • 30 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate or better French ability, and who also prove English language test result of CLB 5 or better.

Sibling in Canada

  • 15 additional points for candidates with a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age. These points may also be awarded if the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner has a sibling in Canada. The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership.

2.1 Comprehensive Ranking System: Core Human Capital Factors

For the purposes of this table, “PA” refers to the principal applicant and “spouse” refers to the spouse or common-law partner.

Age (in years)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 100)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 110)
under 180 points0 points
189099
1995105
20-29100110
3095105
319099
328594
338088
347583
357077
366572
376066
385561
395055
404550
413539
422528
431517
4456
45 or older00

Level of educationWith an accompanying spouse
(maximum points available: 140 for PA, 10 for spouse)
Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 150)
Less than secondary (high) school credential0 points0 points
Secondary school credential28 for PA; 2 for spouse30
One-year post-secondary program84 for PA; 6 for spouse90
Two-year post-secondary program91 for PA; 7 for spouse98
Post-secondary program of 3 or more years112 for PA; 8 for spouse120
Two or more post-secondary programs, of which at least one was completed after a post-secondary program of three or more years119 for PA; 9 for spouse128
Master's or entry-to-practice professional degree126 for PA; 10 for spouse135
Doctoral Degree (PhD)140 for PA; 10 for spouse150

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 128 for PA; 20 for spouse)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 136)
For each language ability32 points for PA; 5 points for spouse34 points
CLB 3 or lower00
CLB 46 for PA; 0 for spouse6
CLB 56 for PA; 1 for spouse6
CLB 68 for PA; 1 for spouse9
CLB 716 for PA; 3 for spouse17
CLB 822 for PA; 3 for spouse23
CLB 929 for PA; 5 for spouse31
CLB 10 or higher32 for PA; 5 for spouse34

*Points in the chart above are for each language ability: speaking, writing, reading and listening, respectively.

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 22)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 24)
For each language ability66
CLB 4 or lower00
CLB 5 or 611
CLB 7 or 833
CLB 9 or higher66

*Points in the chart above are for each language ability: speaking, writing, reading and listening, respectively.

Number of yearsWith an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 70 for PA; 10 for spouse)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 80)
Less than 10 points0 points
1 year35 for PA; 5 for spouse40
2 years46 for PA; 7 for spouse53
3 years56 for PA; 8 for spouse64
4 years63 for PA; 9 for spouse72
5 years or more70 for PA; 10 for spouse80

2.2 Comprehensive Ranking System: Skill Transferability Factors

A maximum of 100 points are awarded for a candidate’s skill transferability factors. There are five combinations of such skill transferability, with a maximum of 50 points awarded for each combination. Even if a candidate scores more than 100 points in total, only 100 points will be awarded under the Comprehensive Ranking System. Candidates with or without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner are awarded points for skill transferability in exactly the same way. There are no points available for the skill transferability of a candidate’s spouse or common-law partner.

For the purposes of this table, “CLB” refers to Canadian Language Benchmark.

Education1 year of Canadian work experience2 or more years of Canadian work experience
No post-secondary education00
Post-secondary education of 1 year or longer1325
Two or more post-secondary credentials, the first of which was 3 or more years in duration2550
A university-level credential at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required2550
A university-level credential at the doctoral level2550

 

EducationCLB 7 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one of these CLB 8CLB 9 or higher for all language abilities
No post-secondary education00
Post-secondary education of 1 year or longer1325
Two or more post-secondary credentials,
the first of which was 3 or more years in duration
2550
A university-level credential at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required2550
A university-level credential at the doctoral level2550

 

Non-Canadian Work ExperienceCLB 7 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one of these CLB 8CLB 9 or higher for all language abilities
No non-Canadian work experience00
1 or 2 years of non-Canadian work experience1325
3 or more years of non-Canadian work experience2550

Experience1 year of Canadian work experience2 or more years of Canadian work experience
No non-Canadian work experience00
1 or 2 years of non-Canadian work experience1325
3 or more years of non-Canadian work experience2550

 

Certificate of QualificationCLB 5 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one CLB 5 or 6CLB 7 or higher on all language abilities
Certificate of qualification in a trade occupation issued by a province2550

2.3 Comprehensive Ranking System: Additional Points

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) nomination certificate Points
For an enhanced nomination certificate from a Canadian province (except Quebec) 600 points
Qualifying offer of arranged employment Points
For a qualifying job offer of arranged employment from a Canadian employer if the offer is in an occupation contained in Major Group 00 Senior Management Occupations 200 points
For a qualifying job offer of arranged employment from a Canadian employer if the offer is any other qualifying offer of arranged employment 50 points
Canadian study experience Points
If the candidate has an eligible credential from a one-year or two-year post-secondary program in Canada 15 points
If the candidate has either:
  • an eligible credential from a post-secondary program of three years or more, or
  • an eligible credential from a university-level program at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required, or
  • an eligible credential from a university-level program at the doctoral level
30 points
French language ability Points
If the candidate proves adequate intermediate (equivalent to CLB 7) or better French ability, and English ability of CLB 4 or lower (or no English language test result) 15 points
If the candidate proves adequate intermediate (equivalent to CLB 7) or better French ability, and English ability of CLB 5 or better 30 points
Sibling in Canada Points
If the candidate, or the accompanying spouse/common-law partner, has a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age
  • The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership
15 points
Points are only assigned for Canadian study experience if, for the purpose of obtaining the credential, the candidate:
  • studied in Canada at a Canadian educational institution;
  • was enrolled in full-time study or training for at least eight months; and
  • was physically present in Canada for at least eight months.
A maximum of 15 points may be awarded for a sibling in Canada, regardless of how many siblings the candidate (and his or her spouse/common-law partner, if applicable) has in Canada. The maximum available number of points for these additional factors for any one candidate is 600 points. Therefore, if a candidate has completed a Canadian post-secondary study program and obtains an enhanced nomination certificate from a Canadian province, he or she will be awarded 600 points for these additional factors (rather than 615 or 630 points).

3. I have my score in EE system, what’s next?

The government of Canada issues Invitations to Apply to certain candidates in the Express Entry pool according to their ranking by publishing a minimum CRS cut-off score at the time of the draw and notifying those candidates who have been invited to apply for permanent residence.

Express Entry is not an immigration program in itself, but rather a system used by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly CIC) to select candidates for immigration to Canada using the following economic immigration programs:

Express Entry draws will either be:

  • general, in which case candidates eligible for any federal economic immigration program may be selected based solely on their CRS score; or
  • program-specific, in which case the government of Canada will select candidates for just one of the federal economic immigration programs.

Draw # Minimum CRS Score RequiredDate of Draw       # of ITAs Issued
152437 (*Canadian Experience Class only)June 11, 20203,559
151743 (*Provincial nominees only)June 10, 2020341
150440 (*Canadian Experience Class only)May 28, 20203,515
149757 (*Provincial nominees only)May 27, 2020385
148447 (*Canadian Experience Class only)May 15, 20203,371
147718 (*Provincial nominees only)May 14, 2020529
146452 (*Canadian Experience Class only)May 1, 20203,311
145692 (*Provincial nominees only)April 29, 2020589
144455 (*Canadian Experience Class only)April 16,20203,782
143808 (*Provincial nominees only)April 15, 2020118
142464 (*Canadian Experience Class only)April 9, 20203,294
141698 (*Provincial nominees only)April 9, 2020606
140467 (*Canadian Experience Class only)March 23, 20203,232
139720 (*Provincial nominees only)March 18, 2020668
138471March 4, 20203,900
137470February 19, 20204,500
136472February 5, 20203,500
135471January 22, 20203,400
134473January 8, 20203,400

Draw # Minimum CRS Score RequiredDate of Draw       # of ITAs Issued
133469December 19, 20193,200
132472December 11, 20193,200
131471November 27, 20193,600
130472November 13, 20193,600
128357 (*Federal Skilled Trades candidates only)October 16, 2019500
127464October 2, 20193,900
126462September 18, 20193,600
125463September 4, 20193,600
124457August 20, 20193,600
123466August 12, 20193,600
122459July 24, 20193,600
121460July 10, 20193,600
120462June 26, 20193,350
119465June 12, 20193,350
118470May 29, 20193,350
117332 (*Federal Skilled Trades candidates only)May 15, 2019500
116450May 1, 20193,350
115451April 17, 20193,350
114451April 3, 20193,350
113452March 20, 20193,350
112454March 6, 20193,350
111457February 20, 20193,350
110438January 30, 20193,350
109443January 23, 20193,900
108449January 10, 20193,900

 

Draw #Minimum CRS Score RequiredDate of Draw# of ITAs Issued
107439December 19, 20183,900
106445December 12, 20183,900
105445November 28, 20183,900
104449November 15, 20183,900
103442October 29, 20183,900
102440October 15, 20183,900
101445October 3, 20183,900
100284 (*Federal Skilled Trades candidates only)September 24, 2018400
99441September 19, 20183,500
98440September 5, 20183,900
97440August 22, 20183,750
96440August 8, 20183,750
95441July 25, 20183,750
94442July 11, 20183,750
93442June 25, 20183,750
92451June 13, 20183,750
91

902 (*Provincial nominee programs only)

288 (*Federal Skilled Trades candidates only)

May 30, 2018700
90440May 23, 20183,500
89441May 9, 20183,500
88441April 25, 20183,500
87444April 11, 20183,500
86446March 26, 20183,000
85456March 14, 20183,000
84442February 21, 20183,000
83442February 7, 20183,000
82444January 24, 20182,750
81446January 10, 20182,750

4. My score is about 400, how can I improve my score?

Language For a Federal Skilled Worker candidate to enter the Express Entry pool, a minimum Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 7 is required in each language ability — reading, writing, speaking and listening. However, the highest language level for which points are awarded within the CRS is CLB 10.
Education Education can count for up to 230 CRS points and may be improved by obtaining additional credentials, for example completing another degree, or by obtaining additional Educational Credential Assessments (ECAs) for existing degrees. An ECA is required in order to obtain CRS points for education obtained outside of Canada.
Work Experience Obtaining additional work experience or better documenting current work experience may both help increase a candidate’s CRS score.
Job Offer Candidates with a valid job offer may obtain either 50 or 200 additional points towards their CRS score depending on the position. Candidates with a valid job offer in an occupation at the NOC 0, A or B level may earn 50 additional points towards their CRS score. Candidates with a valid job offer in an occupation under the Major Group 00 Senior Management Occupations classification may be awarded an additional 200 points under the CRS.
Others streams Some other PNP programs may offer additional points up to 600 to enhance the score of applicants.
Switch principal applicant If you have a spouse or common-law partner, it may be beneficial to compare your CRS scores as principal applicants. Sometimes a main applicant’s CRS score may, in fact, be lower than that of their accompanying partner. In such cases, it may be advisable for a spouse or common-law partner to be the principal applicant.

FAQ

Yes. Under Express Entry, candidates with higher points totals in the Express Entry pool may have a better chance of being invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence by either the federal government, a Canadian province or territory, or a Canadian employer. Highly educated candidates with skilled work experience and strong language skills in English and/or French, for example, are likely obtain a greater number of points than those who do not possess these qualities.

Quebec applications will not be triaged through Express Entry, except where the applicant will be working outside Quebec for a Quebec-based company.

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