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Sponsorship

Your relatives can live, study and work in Canada if they become permanent residents of Canada. You can sponsor certain relatives to come to Canada if you’re at least 18 years old and a:

  • Canadian citizen or
  • person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act or
  • permanent resident of Canada

There are usually four types of common sponsorship:

  • Spousal/Common law sponsorship
  • Parent/Grandparent sponsorship
  • Dependent children sponsorship

目录

1. What are the requirements of the sponsor?

Sponsorship applicants are subject to the following requirements:

The sponsor must demonstrate the financial ability to provide the Family Sponsorship immigrant and dependents with their essential needs, should they be unable to provide for themselves, including the following:

Food, clothing, shelter and other basic requirements of everyday living;

Dental and eye care, as well as other health needs not covered by public health services available to all Canadian citizens and Canadian permanent residents.

The following agreements must be entered into with the government of Canada or Quebec:

The sponsor must agree to provide the immigrant with essential needs for a prescribed period of time; and

If the sponsored relative is over 19 years of age and not elderly, and the sponsor promises to support the sponsored person(s) for a prescribed period of time, the sponsored person(s) must promise to make every effort to become self-supporting.

The sponsor must have either:

Physical residency in Canada; or

For Canadian citizens sponsoring a spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, or dependent child, a demonstrated intention to reside in Canada by the time the sponsored family member lands in Canada as a permanent resident.

In addition, the Sponsor must be at least 18 years old, not in prison, not bankrupt, not under a removal order (if a permanent resident), and not charged with a serious offence.

 

2. Is there any financial requirement?

2.1 Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) for Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship

For parent and grandparent sponsorship, the sponsor in Canada will only be eligible if they exceed the MNI for three consecutive taxation years (except in the province of Quebec). This requirement ensures that sponsors who bring their parents and grandparents to Canada are ready for the financial responsibility that often comes with caring for elderly family members.

Sponsors under the Parent And Grandparent Sponsorship must meet the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) outlined in the chart below. The MNI figures below are Low Income Cut-Off (LICO) figures, plus 30 per cent.

The figures below represent the MNI for individuals living in Canada outside the Province of Quebec:

Size of Family UnitMNI
2018
MNI
2017
MNI
2016
MNI
2015
2 persons$40,379$39,813$39,371$38,618
3 persons$49,641$48,945$48,404$47,476
4 persons$60,271$59,426$58,768$57,642
5 persons$68,358$67,400$66,654$65,377
6 persons$77,095$76,015$75,174$73,733
7 persons$85,835$84,631$83,695$82,091
Each additional person$8,740$8,616$8,522$8,358

Note: To prove they meet the MNI requirement, potential sponsors must provide their Notice of Assessment from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the last 3 taxation years before applying.

  • If applicants do not have the 2018 Notice of Assessment when applying, they must submit their Notices of Assessment from 2017, 2016 and 2015.
  • If applicants have 2018 Notice of Assessment when applying, they must submit their Notices of Assessment from 2018, 2017 and 2016.

Low Income Cut-Off (LICO)

Size of Family UnitMinimum necessary gross income
1 person (your child or grandchild)$24,949
2 persons$31,061
3 persons$38,185
4 persons$46,362
5 persons$52,583
6 persons$59,304
7 persons$66,027
More than 7 persons, for each additional person, add$6,723

 

2.2 Minimum necessary income for Quebec family sponsorship

Sponsors living in the province of Quebec must meet different income requirements. Sponsors are presumed capable of fulfilling an undertaking if, over the past 12 months, they have had gross income from Canadian sources equal to the total of the income appearing in Table 1 and Table 2 below. The income in both tables is indexed each year.

Size of Family UnitBasic annual income required
1 person$23,855
2 persons$32,241
3 persons$39,806
4 persons$45,782
5 persons$50,953
More than 5 persons, for each additional person add$5,171

Table 2 below refers solely to the persons being sponsored. Principal applicants should add the relevant figure from Table 1 above to the relevant figure in the right-side column of Table 2 to arrive at the total minimum income required.

Additional income required of the sponsor to satisfy the basic needs of the sponsored person and his or her family members
Number of persons 18 years of age or overNumber of persons under 18 yearsGross annual income required of the sponsor
 1$8,267
 2$13,103
The gross annual income required increases by $4,228 for each additional person under 18 years of age.
Number of persons 18 years of age or overNumber of persons under 18 yearsGross annual income required of the sponsor
1 $17,470
11$23,472
12$25,504
The gross annual income required increases by $2,979 for each additional person under 18 years of age.
Number of persons 18 years of age or overNumber of persons under 18 yearsGross annual income required of the sponsor
2 $25,619
21$28,698
22$30,982
The gross annual income required increases by $2,274 for each additional person under 18 years of age and by $8,145 for each additional person 18 years of age or over.

3. What are the requirements for spousal/common law sponsorship?

Requirements for the Sponsor
  • The sponsor must be at least 18 years of age;
  • The sponsor must be a Canadian permanent resident living in Canada or a Canadian citizen;
  • The sponsor cannot be in prison, bankrupt, under a removal order (if a permanent resident) or charged with a serious offence; and
  • The sponsor cannot have been sponsored to Canada as a spouse within the last 5 years.
Requirements for the Sponsored Person
  • The sponsored person must be at least 16 years of age and
  • The sponsored person must not be too closely related by blood to the sponsor.
Requirements for the nature of the relationship
The applicant must prove that the relationship between the sponsor and the sponsored person qualifies under one of three categories:
  • Spouse: This means that the Sponsor and the Sponsored Person are legally married. For those married within Canada, a Certificate of Marriage from the province or territory where the marriage took place will show that the marriage is valid. Note that same-sex marriages performed within Canada are valid for spousal sponsorship. If the marriage took place outside of Canada, it must be valid under the law of the country where it took place as well as under Canadian federal law.
  • Common-law partner: In order to establish a common-law relationship, the Sponsor and the Sponsored Person must cohabit continuously for at least one year, excluding brief absences for business or family reasons.
  • Conjugal partner: Conjugal partners can be of either opposite-sex or same-sex. A sponsored person is defined as a conjugal partner if:
    • Exceptional circumstances beyond their control have prevented the applicants from qualifying as common-law partners or spouses, such as immigration barriers or legal restrictions limiting divorce or same-sex relationships; and
    • The applicants have had a mutually dependent relationship for at least one year with the same level of commitment as a marriage or a common-law union. This can require a demonstration of emotional ties and intimacy, financial closeness, such as joint ownership of assets or mutual financial support, and efforts to spend time together and reunite.
An individual cannot apply to become a sponsor if he or she
  • did not pay an immigration loan, a performance bond and/or family support payments;
  • failed to support a previously-sponsored relative, which resulted in the sponsored individual seeking social assistance to meet his or her basic needs;
  • is under a removal order;
  • is in a penitentiary, jail, reformatory or prison;
  • receives social assistance for reasons other than a disability;
  • have filed for bankruptcy and have not received an ‘order of discharge’ by the court (he or she is still going through the process of bankruptcy);
  • were sponsored and held permanent resident status for less than five years;
  • sponsored another spouse/partner previously and three years have not passed since the sponsored spouse/partner became a Canadian permanent resident;
  • have already submitted an application to sponsor his or her current spouse/partner/child and a decision was not yet made on his or her submitted application;
  • were convicted of a violent or sexual offence or an offence that caused,attempted to cause or threatened to cause bodily harm to a relative.

4. What are requirements for parents/grandparents sponsorship?

Requirements for the Sponsor
  • The sponsor and their relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits the sponsor to provide financial support to their relative, if necessary. If sponsoring a person coming to the Province of Quebec, an “undertaking” with the Province must be signed.
  • The sponsor must promise to provide financial support for the relative and any other eligible relatives accompanying them for a period of 20 years. The time period begins the day the parent or grandparent becomes a permanent resident.
  • The sponsor must meet the minimum income threshold for this program.
Requirements for the Sponsored Person
  • The sponsored person must be the parent(s) or grandparent(s) of the sponsor.

5. What are the requirements for dependent children sponsorship?

Requirements for the Sponsor
  • The sponsor must be 18 years of age;
  • The sponsor must be a Canadian permanent resident living in Canada or a Canadian citizen; and
  • The sponsor cannot be in prison, bankrupt, under a removal order (if a permanent resident) or charged with a serious offence.
Requirements for the Sponsored Person
The sponsored person must be in one of the following situations of dependency:
  • Less than 22 years of age and not a spouse or common-law partner; or
  • Is 22 years of age or older and has depended substantially on the financial support of the parent since before the age of 22 and is unable to be financially self-supporting due to a physical or mental condition.
Requirements for nature of the relationship
The Sponsored Person must be either:
  • The biological child of the parent if the child has not been adopted by a person other than the spouse or common-law partner; or
  • The adopted child of the parent.

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